TNO is a Dutch independent contract research organization, one of the major ones in Europe. Based on its expertise and research in technological, policy, business and social innovation, TNO connects people and knowledge in order to create innovations which strengthen the competitive position of companies and societal welfare. With a staff of approximately 3000 people and an annual turnover of 550 million Euros, TNO is carrying out research in order to achieve impact on ten Societal Challenges, including Artificial Intelligence; Defence, Safety and Security, Industry; Healthy Living; and Information and Communication Technologies. TNO functions as an intermediary between basic research organisations, government and industry. By translating scientific knowledge into practical applications, TNO contributes to the innovation capacity of businesses and supports the policy and regulatory developments in government.